Possibly Fatal Stabbing on Lower East Side of NYC

Stabbing-Stanton St.

Stabbing on Stanton St.

by John Tully

The New York Herald Sun

A possibly fatal stabbing on the north side of Stanton St. between Attorney  and Ridge on the Lower East Side of Manhattan may have cost the life of a male victim. It’s unclear if he survived after sustaining multiple stab wounds.

The incident  took place at approximately 3:30 am and the constant sound of a police helicopter with it’s search lights on full blast looking for the perpetrator(s) could be heard for almost an hour in the surrounding neighborhood.

It’s unclear what precipitated the attack or if any suspect is now in custody.  Ofc. Allen of the NYPD  remarked:  “I don’t think he’s going to make it”

The attack happened in the exact same block where 3 people were shot last fall (2010).


Deal Reached That Averts a Walkout by Doormen

Broadcatching, Manhattan, New York City
April 21, 2010


The owners of more than 3,200 apartment buildings in New York City reached an agreement on a new labor contract with the union that represents about 30,000 doormen, porters, janitors and building superintendents, averting a strike that was due to begin at 7 a.m. Wednesday.

The talks went right to the wire, as they often have in the past, with the union resisting the owners’ demands for cuts in health care and other benefits. In the end, the owners agreed to a new four-year contract that includes a total pay increase of nearly 10 percent and no significant cuts in benefits for the workers, an official with the union, Local 32BJ of the Service Employees International Union, said at 12:20 a.m. Wednesday.

Representatives of the owners had negotiated with union officials for several days leading up to the expiration of a four-year contract. The main points of contention had been the owners’ demand that the workers share some of the cost of their medical and dental benefits.

A strike would have disrupted the daily routines of hundreds of thousands of middle-class residents from upper Broadway to Brownsville, as well as affluent owners of Park Avenue penthouses. Along with picket lines in front of many of their homes, they would be confronted with the loss of the people who sign for their packages, carry their luggage and let the pizza deliverers and dog walkers into the building. Residents of many buildings have been asked to volunteer to pitch in to sort the mail, announce visitors by intercom, operate elevators and haul garbage to the curb if necessary.

Tales of a Deadhead

Bill Kreutzman, Bob Weir, Caliifornia, Grateful Dead, Jerry Garcia, Mickey Hart, New York City, Phil Lesh, Rock and Roll


Tales of a Deadhead


Because I couldn’t get into Boston University I got stuck at good Ol’ Ithaca College.

No offense, but another cold winter after a couple of years in the Berkshires freezing my butt off in High School and here I was stuck with a bunch of Long Islanders in the middle of nowhere.

In 1985 The Grateful Dead came to nearby Rochester and I jumped at the chance to go.

My brother from another mother -literally- lived in Northern California and was a big Head. I remember hearing “Uncle John’s Band” from his front room in our house when he was in High School. I was six or seven and thought it was secretly about me.

When Jerry Garcia died in 1995 I had seen over one-hundred shows. You’re either on the bus or off the bus but one must decide and my decision had been made long ago.

Twenty-four years later from that fateful day in Rochester New York, I’m back on the East Coast – in bloody New York City with a knockout wife and a beautiful blond four year-old little girl after five years in Santa Cruz and ten years in Venice California.

The Dead minus Mr. Garcia are not The Grateful Dead.

Much has been written since Jerry died;
much of it dreck.

I’ll never forget that *piece* that that woman wrote in the New York Times when the leader of the band left the stage.

But after all these years Mr. Hart, Weir, Kreutzman and Lesh can still bring Madison Square Garden to its knees and this very authentic cover band with original members did just that Saturday Night in the Big Apple.

Man o’ man, I hugged Avril ROSE extra tight the next day.

April 25, 2009

Set I: Cosmic Charlie, China Cat Sunflower > Shakedown Street, Ship of Fools, He’s Gone, Cassidy, Sugaree
Set II: Drums > Cryptical Envelopment > The Other One > Born Cross-Eyed > St. Stephen > The Eleven > Uncle John’s Band > Unbroken Chain > Gimme Shelter > One More Saturday Night
Encore: Brokedown Palace
Only “Ship of Fools,” Only “Gimme Shelter”

PHOTOS: Jay Blakesberg




Answers About New York Weather

Cold, New York City, Rain, Snow, Weather, Wind

March 4, 2009 T I M E S B L O G


Answers About the Weather

Taking Questions Ask the Meterologist

I. Ross Dickman is answering City Room readers’ questions.

Following is the first set of responses from I. Ross Dickman, meteorologist in charge of the National Weather Service team serving New York City and the metropolitan region. This week, he is answering City Room readers’ questions about his experience and observations working with weather, community planners and emergency managers in the region. Post a question for Mr. Dickman in the comments box below. Please note that this Q. and A. was scheduled before Monday’s snowstorm.

Maybe you could describe the chain of events leading up to the forecasts for this particular storm. When is a decision made to put out an alert or a warning? How did it play out in this case? How precise can you be about the timing of a storm, when it will hit? What data goes into that prediction?

— Posted by Weatherman

For the March 2, 2009, snowstorm, the forecasts were right on target. The local National Weather Service forecast office here in Upton, N.Y. on eastern Long Island issued winter storm watches and warnings with more than 24 hours of lead time as well as heightened awareness of the event that occurred several days in advance. As you might imagine, timely and reliable dissemination of forecasts and warnings is critical to the protection of life and property. When forecast confidence increases to at least 50 percent based on the interpretation of forecast model output, a watch is issued. When forecast confidence increases to at least 80 percent, a warning is issued. Our goal is to issue watches with lead times of 24 to 36 hours and warnings 12 to 18 hours in advance of the storm. For this storm, we provided longer lead times than our goals.

The National Weather Service follows a specific forecast process for all weather situations before putting out a forecast or warning. The process goes something like this: Observations including satellites, upper air data and radar are collected by the local forecast office and then checked for quality, analyzed, and then infused into a suite of computer models at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction. Millions of calculations occur with these models to generate predictions of storm behavior and the general conditions of the atmosphere. The model results are then evaluated and used in the National Weather Service forecast and warning process.

Unfortunately, these models cannot account for all of the short-term changes in the atmosphere, resulting in forecast error or uncertainty. Interpretations of the model guidance are then translated into forecasts and warnings that are coordinated between the national centers and surrounding local forecast offices to ensure consistency. Once completed, the issuing office generates forecast and warning products for release to the public and emergency management groups.

Somehow it seems that New York City is becoming windier. What is causing this, and where do these strong winds we’ve been having recently come from? Thank you.

— Posted by Darinka Zaharieff

Winds in New York City are greatly affected by the buildings, which can greatly increase speeds. We do not have any indication that winds have been on the increase in recent years. Statistically, February and March are the windiest months for New York City, and August and September have the least wind. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service operates the National Climatic Data Center in Ashville, N.C. The Climatic Data Center is the world’s largest archive of climate data, much of which is online for researchers and the public to query.

When the water surrounding Lower Manhattan rises, what is the projected annual rate of increase? Are the rising waters expected to affect the Hudson and the East Rivers similarly, and what measure do engineers recommend to revamp the seawall?

— Posted by Rima Blair

While I can’t comment on the engineering aspects, I can affirm that rising sea levels and other phenomena like hurricanes are a real threat to the New York City region.

The Center for Climate Systems Research at Columbia University cites these threats. According to the researchers: “Regional sea level trends of the past century range between 0.08 to 0.16 inches per year (2 to 4 millimeters per year). From a suite of sea-level rise scenarios based on an extrapolation of historical trends and outputs from several global climate model simulations, the researchers projected a rise in sea level of 11.8 to 37.5 inches (30 to 95.5 centimeters) in New York City and 9.5 to 42.5 inches (24 to 108 centimeters) in the metropolitan region by the 2080s. Flooding by major storms would inundate many low-lying neighborhoods and shut down the metropolitan transportation system with much greater frequency.”

Severe hurricanes and associated storm surge have the most serious immediate threat to the coastline. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Sea, Lake and Overland Surges From Hurricanes model (SLOSH) shows a Category 3 hurricane on the worst-case track projection has the potential to bring nearly 25 feet of water into Lower Manhattan and surrounding areas.

Is it likely that we will have another big snow event during the rest of the season (winter-spring 2009)? Statistically speaking, where is the coolest place in Brooklyn to chill out during the dog days of summer?

— Posted by Brooklynite

While we could have another significant snowstorm (six inches or greater) this month, it is not likely. Typically, New York has one big snow a year, most commonly in February. On average, March has only a 1 in 5 chance of a significant snowstorm. Interestingly, we have to go all the way back to March 13-14, 1993, to the last time that we had a snowfall of six inches or more, though we came close on March 16, 2007, with 5.5 inches.

As for where to cool off in summer in Brooklyn — Coney Island is the place. The daily sea breeze keeps temperatures the coolest around during a hot summer afternoon.

How can I be a Weather Service storm spotter?

— Posted by David

Your National Weather Service offers the Skywarn Spotter Program to volunteers who are willing to assist Weather Service meteorologists in making warning decisions. A free three-hour spotter training class will be offered this spring, which will be posted to our Skywarn Web site by April 3. You will have to register for a class. You will be trained to recognize and report features associated with rapidly developing, mature, and dissipating thunderstorms that cause hazardous weather. For further information on our Skywarn program, please contact Brian Ciemnecki.

Michael Bloomberg is Seeking to Revise Law and Run Again For Mayor

Bloomberg, Michael Bloomberg, New York City
October 1, 2008

Bloomberg Called Ready to Announce Third-Term Bid

After months of speculation about his political future, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg plans to announce on Thursday morning that he will seek a third term as mayor, according to three people who have been told of his plans.

The extraordinary move promises to upend New York City’s political world.

Right now, Mr. Bloomberg is barred by law from seeking re-election. But he will propose trying to revise the city’s 15-year-old term limits law, which would otherwise force him and dozens of other elected leaders out of office in 2009, the three people said.

In his announcement, Mr. Bloomberg, a former Wall Street trader and founder of a billion-dollar financial data firm, is expected to argue that the financial crisis unfolding in New York City demands his steady hand and proven business acumen.

The move represents an about-face for Mr. Bloomberg, who has repeatedly said he supports term limits and once called an effort to revise the law “disgusting.” He will apparently try to do so through legislation in the City Council, rather than the ballot box.

Mr. Bloomberg’s gambit carries significant political risk. The city’s term limits law was passed twice by voters, in 1993 and 1996, and several polls show widespread popular support for keeping it in place. Under the plan Mr. Bloomberg has outlined to associates, those voters will have no say in the matter, raising the possibility of a backlash.

Mr. Bloomberg, 66, who in public statements in recent weeks has become equivocal about term limits, has discussed in detail with his friends and advisers the pros and cons of changing the law and running again. “This has been thoroughly thought out by the mayor,” said a person who has advised the mayor in the past.

The mayor’s press office, which had limited staffing because of Rosh Hashana, did not immediately return a phone call on Tuesday.

Over the last few weeks, Mr. Bloomberg has taken pains to showcase his financial experience, trading phone calls with the heads of struggling banks, like Lehman Brothers and Merrill Lynch and the nation’s top financial regulators at the Federal Reserve and the Securities Exchange Commission.

With his decision, Mr. Bloomberg is overruling the advice of this top three aides at City Hall — Edward Skyler, Patricia E. Harris and Kevin Sheekey — who have all told associates that they oppose a third term.

Those aides have told the mayor — at times forcefully — that any campaign to challenge the term limits law would look like an end run around voters, and could sully his strong legacy over the last eight years, according to people familiar with the conversations.

In the business community, however, the prospect of a Bloomberg third term is overwhelmingly positive. In dozens of private meetings and telephone calls over the last few months, executives ranging from the financier Steven Rattner to the chief executive of the News Corporation, Rupert Murdoch, have encouraged him to seek a third term.

As the city’s economy has become imperiled over the last two weeks, support for such a move has intensified.

“He has the confidence of the business community and the executive ability to run the city,” said Stephen M. Ross, the chief executive of the Related Companies, a major developer. “This is a good time for him to do this. People are scared.”

The chances of passing legislation in the City Council are strong, according to interviews. In August, a New York Times survey of council members — two-thirds of whom are scheduled to be forced out of office in 2009 — found that a majority were willing to amend the term limits law.

If successful, Mr. Bloomberg would be only the fourth New York mayor in modern history to win a third term.

Charles V. Bagli and Jim Dwyer contributed reporting.

Lower East Side Shul Board Sells Out To Developers; Historians Cry Foul




This much can be agreed on: An Orthodox congregation established by Eastern European Jews in 1888 occupies a lovely but crumbling neo-Classical building with a two-story Victorian Gothic interior at 415 East Sixth Street, between First Avenue and Avenue A, on the Lower East Side — a neighborhood where real estate prices have been soaring, placing pressure on owners of old buildings to sell their property to developers for retail and commercial uses.

Everything else — including even the question of how to correctly render the name of the synagogue — is contentious in a bitter dispute that has erupted in recent weeks over the fate of the building.

This afternoon, the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation, the Lower East Side Conservancy and several other nonprofit groups held a news conference outside the synagogue, to draw attention to a plan by the synagogue’s board to enter a partnership with a developer, which would demolish the structure and replace it with a mixed-use building that would contain apartments, as well as a new synagogue. In a letter [pdf] to the city’s Landmarks Preservation Commission, the society has called for the synagogue to be designated a landmark, which would prevent it from being demolished.

The congregation has filed demolition plans with the city’s Department of Buildings, but insists that it wants to preserve the character of the congregation and that the current structure is in desperate disrepair. The demolition plans were reported by The Villager, a weekly newspaper, late last month. The synagogue’s board voted on July 7 to approve a deal with the Kushner Companies, which would build a new six-story building on the site, with a synagogue on the first two floors and 10 apartments on the top four stories.

It is not quite clear when the building at 415 East Sixth Street was constructed, but twoarticles in The Times from November 1903 refer to the building as a “four-story dwelling,” and a January 1911 article said the building had been the home of “wholesale confectioners.”

In any event, the Adas Yisroel Anshe Mezritch, or Congregation Mezritch, which was founded in 1888, drastically renovated the building and began using it as a synagogue in 1910. The society said in a statement:

The handsome neo-Classical building (which has an even more impressive interior) was one of the Lower East Side’s many “tenement synagogues,” so named because they filled narrow lots sandwiched between tenements and served the poor immigrants who populated the surrounding buildings. While a few such tenement synagogue buildings remain in the East Village, including the former Beth Hamedrash Hagadol Anshe Ungarn Synagogue at 242 East Seventh Street, which was recently landmarked by the city, Congregation Mezritch Synagogue appears to be the sole remaining operating tenement synagogue in the East Village, and thus is an important link to what was once perhaps the most significant Jewish community in America.

Andrew Berman, executive director of the historic preservation society, said that “buildings like this — at once humble and grand — really speak to the profound aspirations of the generations of immigrants who came through the Lower East Side, and the impact they had and continue to have upon our city and country.”

In a statement, Shelley Ackerman, whose father, Pesach Ackerman, has been the synagogue’s rabbi for more than 40 years, defended the board’s plans. She said:

Our synagogue is not and never has been for sale. The pending proposal (if in fact it moves forward) would help to preserve Anshe Meseritz and provide a much more comfortable, welcoming, and accessible space for our beloved congregants. We are acting along these lines to guarantee the securing and survival of this synagogue.

Those who instigate these activities are fueled by a romantic notion of preserving an old structure, one in desperate need of renovation. And without that renovation is likely to fall. Some are motivated by ignorance, others by greed.

Dozens of other beautiful similar (landmark-worthy) synagogues in much better or worse shape than this one on the Lower East Side have been sold and/or destroyed in the last 20 years. These sales were motivated by the greed of a few parties who benefited. In almost every case, the synagogue in question did not. This case is completely different. There is no sale pending, only air rights to build apartments that will provide needed income to sustain the synagogue and congregation going forward.

In a phone interview, Ms. Ackerman said the synagogue was in an advanced state of disrepair. The exterior steps are so steep as to be unusable during inclement weather, she said. Parts of the interior are crumbling. There are inadequate bathrooms, poor climate control and no kitchen, she added.

The hubbub has become personal — and divided the 40 or so members of the congregation.

“Anyone who is familiar with Rabbi Ackerman’s role in the synagogue for the last 40 years knows that despite no wages, he has been present seven days a week and has done everything within his power to make sure that the synagogue survives,” his daughter said in the statement. “He is devoted to the preservation of his temple and would never do anything to endanger the future of the synagogue.”

Several former or current members of the congregation have weighed in on the side of the preservationists, including Joel Kaplan, executive director of United Jewish Council of the East Side, and William E. Rapfogel, chief executive of the Metropolitan Council on Jewish Poverty.

Freda Fried, whose father was active in the synagogue for decades and whose mother was on its board, said the board’s vote in July was held on a Monday morning after the July 4 holiday weekend. “It provided little information about the sale in its mailing, so members could do any due diligence or even consider it important to give a proxy to anyone else,” she said. “If there was a real process and search for a development partner, little or no information was provided about any other choices.”

Gerard Wolfe, a retired art historian credited with “rediscovery” of the Eldridge Street Synagogue, called the Mezeritz synagogue “a jewel,” and added, in a statement, “Its demolition would be an irretrievable, unforgivable loss.”

Andrew S. Dolkart, a professor of historic preservation at Columbia who is not involved in the dispute, said the East Sixth Street building was an outstanding example of vernacular architecture and reflected the neo-Classical influence of the 1897 synagogue built by Congregation Shearith Israel, also known as the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue.

“It wasn’t designed by a sophisticated architect,” Professor Dolkart said. “It wasn’t a pioneering building. It was an architect who was looking at what sophisticated designers were doing and then adapting it in an inexpensive and not so sophisticated manner, to create a kind of folk classicism, almost.”

In a phone interview, Professor Dolkart said he favored preserving the Lower East Side structure, because cities should preserve “architecture that not only reflects the lives and history of the rich, but also the incredibly history of common people in New York.”

FBI searches Hollywood home in NY blast probe but no link found

9/11, Berkeley, Bomb, Civil Liberties, N.Y.C., New York City, NYPD, Patriot Act, terrorism, Times Square

By MICHAEL R. BLOOD Associated Press Writer

 LOS ANGELES—FBI agents scrambling for leads after the bombing of a military recruiting station in New York’s Times Square quickly had one in hand—literally.Members of Congress had been receiving letters in recent days that included a photograph of a man standing in Times Square with the words, “We Did It,” printed below the photo. It raised immediate suspicions after the early morning explosion, and the return address on the envelopes was the Hollywood home of lawyer David Karnes.

FBI agents pulled over the Harvard graduate Thursday after he left a workout at a gym, and after questioning him and searching the home investigators concluded he was not involved in the crime. It turned out that “We Did It” referred to the Democratic Party taking control of Congress in 2006.

Neighbors said plainclothes FBI agents sealed off the quiet, hillside neighborhood during the search, flashing badges and urging them to stay indoors.

The episode left Karnes’ shocked, but a day later he was trying to take it in stride, said his mother, Frances Karnes, 82, who lives in Orange County, Calif.

David Karnes did not respond to phone messages Friday, and no one answered the doorbell at his home.

Ironically, he wasn’t aware of the details of the New York bombing.

At first “he was in shock,” his mother said in a telephone interview. “I just spoke to him. He seems quite calm. He realizes it’s going to blow over.”

He’ll be OK. He wasn’t involved,” she said. “My son, he’s a very bright and intelligent man. He would never do anything like that.”

Nonetheless, the episode left the family rattled, since Karnes was as unlikely a bombing suspect as one could imagine.

Karnes, who is single, graduated from Harvard University in 1979. He went on the take a law degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and also earned a doctoral degree there in American history.

The lengthy anti-war letters were sent to as many as 100 members of Congress, officials said. Laura Eimiller, an FBI spokeswoman in Los Angeles, said “there is no evidence linking the letters, which contained no threat, to the bombing.”

Neighbors described Karnes as an outgoing man who liked to talk politics and wasn’t shy about expressing his liberal views. He was so generous, one said, he allowed a neighbor to leave a car in his driveway, no small gift in a city famously short on parking spaces.

Max Roth, a 25-year-old software engineer, used to live two houses away and was visiting the neighborhood Friday. Roth said Karnes was politically active and had tried to enlist him to write letters on political issues.

“He was very politically aware, politically active,” Roth said.

Frances Karnes said the she considered the saga “a big coincidence.”

“It’s just the most amazing thing I’ve ever heard,” she said.

Heady Days, Immortalized Where the Ticker Tape Fell


The New York Times

September 30, 2004



IN the midst of the longest ticker-tape drought in a quarter century, lower Broadway – the Canyon of Heroes – has been paved instead with 164 granite plaques from Bowling Green to the Woolworth Building.

They commemorate ticker-tape parades from October 1886, when the Statue of Liberty was dedicated, to October 2000, when the Yankees last won the World Series. They were commissioned before 9/11 under a plan by the Alliance for Downtown New York to improve the streetscape with new sidewalks, lampposts, signs and wastebaskets.

Only in recent weeks has the parade chronology been finished from beginning to end. Thirty-six intermediate plaques will be installed as permitted by construction projects along the route.


Against the shadow of Sept. 11, 2001, these plaques recall a carefree, exuberant, giddy spirit that may be difficult to conjure again downtown, even if the Yankees do their part.

Carefree? How about the parade in May 1962 when President Félix Houphouët-Boigny of the Ivory Coast was cheered as “Scott Carpenter” by spectators who mistakenly assumed he was a newly returned astronaut.

Exuberant? How about the 1,900 tons of paper showered on Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan in August 1938 after his flight from New York to Ireland “instead of his ‘intended’ destination of California,” as the plaque says, with quotation marks that constitute one of the few instances of editorializing.

Giddy? How about May 1950, when there was a parade every day for three days, beginning with one for Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan of Pakistan. He was assassinated a year later, one of many foreign leaders who were hailed in the Canyon of Heroes and then jailed, deposed or murdered back home.

“It was almost like a death sentence to get a ticker-tape parade,” said Kenneth R. Cobb, the director of the municipal archives, who has compiled a parade history.

After several spontaneous outbursts, one of the first organized uses of paper tape from stock-market tickers occurred Nov. 18, 1919, in a parade for the Prince of Wales, later the Duke of Windsor.

Grover A. Whalen, the city’s official greeter, recalled in his 1955 autobiography, “Mr. New York,” that he arranged a word-of-mouth campaign among downtown businesses to give the prince a spectacular reception with streams of ticker tape. It wound up including torn-up phone books. (Hmmm. A city official, proud of his Irish descent, contriving to welcome the Prince of Wales by inundating him with waste paper thrown out of windows in tall buildings.)

Watching the paper fall on the Yankees in 1996, Carl Weisbrod, the president of the Downtown Alliance, and Suzanne O’Keefe, the vice president for design, agreed that something should be done to commemorate the parades.

As part of the $20 million streetscape project, under the direction of Cooper, Robertson & Partners, the design studio Pentagram came up with the idea of simple granite sidewalk strips – not unlike the ticker-tape ribbons that remain after a parade, said Michael Bierut, a Pentagram partner – with the date and a few words of description.

(An illustrated brochure and map with information about all 200 parades can be picked up at kiosks outside City Hall and the World Trade Center PATH station or through the alliance, at downtownny.com or 212-835-2789.)

The plaques were made by Dale Travis Associates, the firm responsible for the silver-leaf lettering in the Freedom Tower cornerstone. The granite blocks, 8 inches wide and 3 inches deep, were cut with a water jet, Dale L. Travis said. Then the two-inch stainless-steel letters were inserted, held by pins and thermoplastic grout.

Last week, Jorge Condez and Paul Corrales of A.F.C. Enterprises set some of the last plaques, including “October 28, 1986 * New York Mets, World Series Champions,” into place near Vesey Street.

THREE years and 11 months have passed since the last parade, the longest interval since the 1978 Yankees broke a nine-year dry spell in the Canyon of Heroes.

The next parade will not be easy. The image of a paper blizzard suspended in midair among the downtown skyscrapers, once a visual metaphor for civic celebration, was transformed on Sept. 11, 2001, into a metaphor for cataclysm.

Is it still? Mr. Bierut hopes not. “Part of the resiliency of the city is retaining its own meaning for those metaphors and not surrendering them,” he said. “The post-terror condition has acclimated people to view any disruption of routine as a cause for alarm. There will come a time when the disruption of the routine of city life is seen as something wonderful.”

“Ticker-tape parades were the very essence of that,” Mr. Bierut said.

Just in case, Ms. O’Keefe said, there are 33 blank spots available on Broadway and Park Row to mark future parades. At the current pace, she figured, that ought to last a century and a half.

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